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Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) Update
December 30, 2010
Mandated by the 2008 Farm Bill [Section 7204 (h) (4)], the second annual report on Honey Bee
Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) research progress has been published and is available for viewing and downlading at http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/pr/2010/101217.htm
This report represents the work of a large number of scientists from 8 Federal agencies, 2 state departments of agriculture, 22 universities, and several private research efforts. In response to the unexplained losses of U.S. honey bee colonies, now known as colony collapse disorder (CCD), the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) led a collaborative effort to define an approach to CCD, resulting in the CCD Action Plan in July 2007. Many universities and organizations—Federal, State, and private—were involved in developing this plan and are carrying out the work that addresses the CCD problem. During the past three years, numerous causes for CCD have been proposed and investigated. Although the cause or causes of CCD are still unknown, research summarized in the report supports the hypothesis that CCD may be a syndrome caused by many different factors, that work individually or in combination.