What Types of Flies Bite?
Various species of flies bite, and any insect that feeds on the blood of other mammals may spread disease-causing pathogens. Some of the most common biting species in New England include horse, deer, and black flies.
Biting flies are generally females, as they use protein-rich blood to produce eggs. Bites can range from a nuisance to a more serious problem depending on the type of pest and severity of the fly bite. Deer flies and horse flies use their sharp mouthparts to puncture flesh, causing pain.
Black fly bites are also common. Swelling at the bite site, headache, nausea, fever, and swollen lymph nodes may all be black fly bite symptoms. The pests can also affect animals. Black flies can transmit disease or even cause fatal blood loss when they bite dogs, pets, and livestock.
Fly bite treatments include using ice to limit swelling and washing injuries to reduce the chance of infection. Since the blood-sucking pests may cause allergic reactions or spread diseases, victims of fly bites should seek medical assistance.
To avoid fly bites, homeowners can contact Waltham Pest Services for pest prevention and removal.