What Does a Spider Look Like?
A spider’s body has two segments. One part includes the head, three to four pairs of eyes, a mouth, and eight legs. The second, larger half is their abdomen, where they can produce a silk webbing they use to catch prey, travel, or hold eggs. Some of the most common spiders in New England include:
- Wolf Spiders: These dark brown spiders are active hunters. They hide during the daytime and come out at night in search of food. You might see them chasing prey or running along walls or across floors.
- Fishing Spiders: This spider lives close to rivers, lakes, and streams in wooded areas of New England. They are gray with black or light brown markings and look similar to a wolf spider but smaller.
- Jumping Spiders: Depending on the species, this tiny spider can be dark-colored or bright and iridescent. These pests have short legs and stout, hairy bodies. Jumping spiders often hide under rocks or in debris and may leap when startled.
- Orb Weavers: A common garden spider, orb weavers can be black and yellow or black and red. They spin large webs in tall weeds or brush and usually hang in the middle of the web with their heads pointed downward.
- Longbodied Cellar Spiders: Also called daddy long-legs, the cellar spider is one of the most common species in New England. They have pale tan or yellow and gray bodies with long, thin legs. The cellar spider typically lives in protected areas like basements, warehouses, and garages.
How Big Are Spiders?
The size of a spider depends on the age and species. Considered small, the jumping spider can grow as big as your fingernail. On the other hand, a wolf spider averages over one inch. Many female spiders grow much larger than males. Keep in mind that the size of a spider does not determine how dangerous their bite may be.
Are Spiders Dangerous?
Although all spiders have venom glands, they usually only bite people in self-defense. If trapped inside your clothing or handled carelessly, these pests might bite to protect themselves. There are a few especially dangerous species, including:
- Brown Recluse: A brown recluse is tan with a dark brown, violin-shaped mark on its back. You may not feel a brown recluse bite, but the affected area can develop tissue damage and painful sores that heal slowly. These pests are not very common in New England.
- Black Widow: The black widow has highly toxic venom that causes severe pain and muscle cramps. This spider has a shiny, black body with a distinctive red or reddish-orange hourglass pattern.
- Yellow Sac Spider: Several species of sac spiders live indoors. The yellow sac spider has a light yellow or cream-colored body. It can be aggressive toward people, and their bite causes a burning sensation and intense itching.
Spider Photo Gallery
Spiders can be beneficial. They help control insect populations, and most types aren’t dangerous to humans or pets. However, some people have an extreme fear of spiders, which can cause restaurant patrons or retail customers to leave. By looking through these photos of spiders, you can identify what type you have in your home or business. Knowing the type of spider helps to treat for them.
Spider outside of a home
Picture of a cellar spider
Recently hatched spiderlings
Image of a black widow spider